It is a strategic choice of Senegal to make Family Planning a national priority to fasten the reduction of maternal and infant mortality. The national contraceptive prevalence rate is set to reach 45 % by 2020.
Maternal mortality has considerably dropped in recent years but still remains high in Senegal. The 2015 estimate of the UNS puts the rate at 315 per 100 000 live births, i.e. a gap of 115 points with the target which was set at 200 per 100 000 live births by 2015. The rate of neonatal mortality dropped from 40.5 per 1 000 live births between 1989-1992 (Enquête Démographique et de Santé 2) to 23 per 1 000 live births in 2015 (Enquête Démographique et de Santé Continue 2015), i.e. a gap of 7 points with the target which was set at 16 per 100 000 live births by 2015.
The increase in demand for family planning was a major challenge for attaining this objective under the national strategic family planning framework.
Challenge: How can we improve women’s access to family planning?
Senegal aims to ensure universal access to appropriate sanitation and hygiene services by 2030. In 2017, the rate of access to sanitation in rural areas was 42.3 %.
The New Rural Sanitation Strategy (SNAR), adopted in 2013, to boost access to sanitation in rural setting is based on a ‘market’ approach, making the household responsible as ‘the project leader’ for its own sanitation initiative. Since 2013, progress of 3.6 % per year is noted, whereas average progress of 5 % is needed to achieve universal access.
Challenge: How can we improve the rate of access to sanitation in rural settings whilst having the beneficiary-actor take ownership of their own sanitation initiative?
In Senegal, the issue of youth employment remains crucial and is a major challenge under the ‘Plan Sénégal Emergent’ which aims to create 100 000 to 150 000 decent, productive and well-paying jobs per year.
At the same time, according to available statistics, approximately 300 000 youths, including almost 2 out of 3 from rural environments, enter the job market every year. In the bassin arachidier, the poor dynamics of the rural economy offer youths few opportunities, except in the smallholder exploitations during the 4 months of rainy season farming activities. All of which pushes youths into migrating, to the cities (Dakar) and to the more dynamic rural areas (Niayes, Vallée) or abroad. To help turn this trend around, how can we improve the offer of decent, regular and sustainable jobs in promising and profitable agro-food value chains in Sine Saloum?
Challenge: How can we improve decent, regular and sustainable employment among youths living in the Groundnut Basin?